The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has announced the release of the 2019 Safety Report showing continuing improvements in airline safety compared to 2018 and to the preceding five years.
IATA said that all major 2019 safety performance indicators improved compared to 2018 and to the average of the 2014-2018 period as shown below:
|All accident rate (accidents per one million flights)||1.13 or 1 accident every 884,000 flights||1.36 or 1 accident every 733,000 flights||1.56 or 1 accident every 640,000 flights|
|Fatal accidents||8 fatal accidents
(4 jet and 4 turboprop) with 240 fatalities¡
|11 fatal accidents with 523 fatalities||8.2 fatal accidents/year with an average of 303.4 fatalities each year|
|Jet hull losses (per one million flights)||0.15 which is equal to 1 major accident for every 6.6 million flights||0.18 (one major accident for every 5.5 million flights)||0.24 (one major accident for every 4.1 million flights)|
|Turboprop hull losses (per one million flights)||0.69 (1 hull loss for every 1.45 million flights)||0.70 (1 hull loss for every 1.42 million flights)||1.40 (1 hull loss for every 714,000 flights)|
“The safety and wellbeing of our passengers and crew is aviation’s highest priority. The release of the 2019 Safety Report is a reminder that even as aviation faces its deepest crisis, we are committed to making aviation even safer. Based on the 2019 fatality risk, on average, a passenger could take a flight every day for 535 years before experiencing an accident with one fatality on board. But we know that one accident is one too many. Every fatality is a tragedy and it is vital that we learn the correct lessons to make aviation even safer,” said Alexandre de Juniac, IATA’s Director General and CEO.
In terms of Jet hull loss rates by region of operator (per million departures), IATA reported that “Five regions showed improvement in 2019 compared to the previous five years (2014-2018) in terms of the jet hull loss rate.”
|Region||2019||2014 – 2018|
|Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)||2.21||1.08|
|Latin America and the Caribbean||0.00||0.57|
|Middle East and North Africa||0.00||0.44|
|For Turboprop hull loss rates by region of operator (per million departures), according to IATA, all regions except for Latin America and the Caribbean showed improvement when compared to their respective five-year rates. Accidents involving turboprop aircraft represented 41.5% of all accidents in 2019 and 50% of fatal accidents.|
Commenting on the IATA Operational Safety Audit (IOSA), IATA stated that in 2019, the all accident rate for airlines on the IOSA registry was nearly two times better than that of non-IOSA airlines (0.92 vs. 1.63) and it was more than two-and-a-half times better over the 2014-18 period (1.03 vs. 2.71). “All IATA member airlines are required to maintain their IOSA registration. There are currently 439 airlines on the IOSA Registry of which 139 are non-IATA Members,” IATA added.
IATA also explained the concept of fatality risk in its analysis. “Fatality risk measures the exposure of a passenger or crew to a catastrophic accident with no survivors. The calculation of fatality risk does not consider aircraft size or how many were on board. What is measured is the percentage of fatalities among those on-board. This is expressed as fatality risk per millions of flights. The 2019 fatality risk of 0.09 means that on average, a person would have to travel by air every day for 535 years before experiencing an accident with at least one fatality. On average, a person would have to travel every day for 29,586 years to experience a 100% fatal accident.”